Short-Term and Long-Term Carcinogenic Effects of Food Contaminants (4-Hydroxynonenal and Pesticides) on Colorectal Human Cells: Involvement of Genotoxic and Non-Genomic Mechanisms

Liana C Arnaud 1Thierry Gauthier 1Augustin Le Naour 1Saleha Hashim 1Nathalie Naud 1Jerry W Shay 2Fabrice H Pierre 1Elisa Boutet-Robinet 1Laurence Huc 1


  • 1Toxalim (Research Centre in Food Toxicology), University of Toulouse, INRAE, ENVT, INP-Purpan, UPS, 31027 Toulouse, France.
  • 2Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, Department of Cell Biology, The University of Texas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.
Cancers 202113(17), 4337;